Back and abdominal muscles are essential components of the muscular network of the spine, helping the body maintain upright posture and movement.
When these muscles are well conditioned, back pain can be greatly reduced or avoided. Two simple, daily exercises are the Transversus Abdominis (TVA) strengthening and the Gluteus Maximus strengthening exercise.
An exercise ball is a versatile, portable piece of equipment that helps strengthen and develop the core body muscles that help stabilize the spine. With the exercise ball, an element of instability is introduced, and over time the muscles used to keep in balance on the ball become stronger.
Other techniques that gently strengthen the back and abdominal muscles include: Tai Chi, Pilates andagain Yoga. They all focus on posture and breathing to promote mental focusing and centering. While these techniques can be done in a class or at home with a video or DVD, patients with back conditions are well advised to at least initially consult a trained professional given the difficulty of certain movements.