These rods are attached to the spine by sublaminar wires at multiple levels.
The combination of paired rods and wires applies corrective transverse forces in a horizontal direction. The major complications associated with Luque hardware involve the passage of multiple sublaminar wires, which may lead to inadvertent tears of the dura and neurologic deficits.
Luque rods are custom contoured metal rods that are fixed to each segment (vertebra) in the affected part of the spine. The main advantage is that the patient may not need to wear a cast or brace after the procedure. The main disadvantage is that the risk of injury to the nerves and spinal cord is higher than with a some other forms of instrumentation. This is because wires must be threaded through each vertebra near the spinal column, increasing the risk of such damage. Luque rods are sometimes used to treat Scoliosis.