Join Our Members

Cut the Risk of Inflammatory Arthritis

The Study:
Fruits and Vegetables Reduce Arthritis Risk?

Researchers analyzed data from a study of 25,000 participants to determine if dietary carotenoids impacted arthritis risk.

Study participants had completed a diet diary and were followed between 1993 and 2001 to identify new cases of inflammatory polyarthritis, defined as synovitis(inflammation of the lining of the joint) affecting 2 or more joint groups.

The Study Results
Eighty-eight participants were found to have developed arthritis. They were compared to 176 healthy people serving as controls. The mean daily intake of zeaxanthin was 20% lower in the cohort of patients who had developed arthritis than in the controls. The mean daily intake of beta-cryptoxanthin was 40% lower in patients who had developed arthritis than in the control population.

Participants in the top one-third of intake of zeaxanthin and beta-cryptoxanthin were at lower risk of developing inflammatory arthritis than those in the lowest third of intake.

What is Beta-cryptoxanthin?
Beta-cryptoxanthin is classified as a pro-vitamin A carotenoid. In the body it can be converted to an active form of vitamin A. Vitamin A is recognized as being important for skin and bone health as well as immune function. Beta-cryptoxanthin is contained in yellow or orange fruits and vegetables.

What Fruits and Vegetables are Highest in Beta-cryptoxanthin?
According to, a comprehensive listing of the 467 foods highest in Beta-cryptoxanthin shows:

  • Peppers, Pumpkins, and Winter squash as the vegetables with the highest levels of Beta-cryptoxanthin per serving.
  • Persimmons, Tangerines, and Papayas as the fruits with the highest levels of Beta-cryptoxanthin per serving.

What is Zeaxanthin?
Zeaxanthin is another carotenoid with antioxidant power. According to, food sources of zeaxanthin include green leafy vegetables and yellow/orange fruits and vegetables.

The research coming out of the University of Manchester supports previous studies which concluded that dietary antioxidants, such as carotenoids beta-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin as well as vitamin C, may be associated with reducing the risk of arthritis.

Fruit & Vegetables good for Arthritis

  • Apricots
  • Butternut squash
  • Cantaloupe
  • Cape Gooseberries
  • Carrots
  • Golden Kiwifruit
  • Grapefruit
  • Lemon
  • Mangoes
  • Nectarines
  • Oranges
  • Papayas
  • Peaches
  • Persimmons
  • Pineapples
  • Pumpkin
  • Rutabagas
  • Sweet corn
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Tangerines
  • Yellow Apples
  • Yellow Beets
  • Yellow Figs
  • Yellow Pears
  • Yellow Peppers
  • Yellow Potatoes
  • Yellow Summer Squash
  • Yellow Tomatoes
  • Yellow Watermelon
  • Yellow Winter Squash